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Competency Model

Lehmann and Nieke have designed a competency model which gives an outline of the competency jungle and is tailor-made for the requirements of the school.

competency model: scheme

Negotiating skills at the centre

Lehmann and Nieke see decision-making and responsibility as the ultimate goal of teaching:
“The school must contribute a lot more to make the students competent even in extracurricular activities. This includes methodological competency (like planning tasks individually), soft skills and self-competency (e. g. willingness to communicate and cooperate as well as ability to listen to others) in addition to professional competency.”


Explanation of the types of competencies

Professional competency:

Besides domain knowledge, it also includes associative thinking and the ability to apply knowledge according to the goals.

Methodological competency:

This includes abilities to gather knowledge, work rationally and solve problems methodically as per the situation and structure results accordingly.


This includes willingness to perform, recognising one's own strengths and weaknesses, confidence and independence.

Soft skills:

Willingness and ability to work with others, be tolerant and empathetic and be able to handle conflicts.

You will find more details in Lehmann/Nieke (see below).
Besides these specialised competencies, technical competencies have also been firmly defined in the national standards of education.
For more information, refer to module 11 >>

Consequences for teaching

Fostering these competencies means a diversion from imparting purely specialised and factual knowledge. It encourages a close cooperation with teachers. Interdisciplinary and specialised teaching has become one of the most important instruments.