Deutsche Version

Module 2: Scientific Working

Aspects of scientific working

A high potential is attributed to scientific thinking and working pattern in the classes. The following list of practical scientific aspects has proven beneficial for use in teaching even in the absence of a scientific method (Duit and others 2004):

  • Observation and measurement
  • Comparison and classification
  • Investigation and experimentation
  • Estimation and verification
  • Discussion and interpretation
  • Modelling and computation
  • Research and communication

Scientific working - more than mere manipulation of objects

The integration of these aspects at suitable points of the lesson leads beyond mere manipulation of objects to instruction. It contributes to the formation of a multifaceted network of basic knowledge.

Speech, exchange of ideas, communication and discussion, as well as penning down a correlated thought process also lead to the development of a scientific thinking and working pattern.

Correlation to everyday ideas

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Discovering relationships through experiments by pupils

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